
Contents 
Abstract
Resources Key concepts
Landa's algoheuristic theory of designing instruction

Abstract 
Landamatics provide some tools for more efficient learning and teaching approaches.
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Resources 
Lev N. Landa
(1993) Landamatics ten years later. In: Educational Technology, 33(6), 718
(1983)
(1977)
(1976)
Instructional Regulation and Control:
Cybernetics, Algorithmization, and Heuristics in Education.
(1974)
Algorithmization in Learning and Instruction.
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Key concepts 
 Kinds of knowledge: images, concepts, propositions
 Algorithmic and heuristic processes  Snowball principle  Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Landa's algoheuristic theory of designing instruction 
Interacting outcomes of instructional activity 
Outcomes of instruction are e.g.:
 knowledge  skills  abilities
In interaction
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Landa's algoheuristic theory of learning and performance 
Breaking down for better handling 
This theory deals with understanding and describing specific processes and operations:
 objectives  tasks  cognitive processes
Teaching it reliably by making it small
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Algorithmic processes 
Regular,
uniform, defined 
Examples
 making a phone call  starting a car
Definition
A prescription determining these operations is an algorithmic prescription or an algorithm.  Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Heuristic processes 
New,
selected, developed 
Examples
 searching for a new tool (capable of solving some technical problem when no available tools can solve the problem)  choosing an attribute of a geometical figure among existing or known attributes while solving a problem of proof
Definition
A prescription determining these operations is a heuristic prescription.
It is not true
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Algoheuristic prescriptions for efficient instruction 
Three types of algoheuristic prescriptions increase efficiency in instruction
indicate what to do in order to perform at mastery level.
indicate what to do in order to learn how to perform at mastery level.
indicate what to do in order to develop algoheuristic processes in performers and/or learners.  Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Fundamental principles of Landamatics 
A system of techniques for
 penetrating unobservable, nonconscious, and intuitive mental processes underlying expert performance,  breaking those processes down into elementary component operations;  describing those operations explicitly  both manual and cognitive;  composing algorithmic or heuristic prescriptions for nonexperts: what they should do to perform at an expert level.
The significance of this approach
The algoheuristic theory of instruction is a theory for
conscious and unconscious processes underlying abilities of expert learners to perform at mastery level.
the uncovered processes in the form of hypotheticaldescriptive models.
the correctness and completeness of the descriptive models by designing prescriptions.
final algorithmic or nonalgorithmic ideal procedures enabling nonexperts to perform at a mastery level.
the learning procedures leading to the development in learners of performance algorithms or heuristics.
algoheuristic teaching procedures capable of effective development of algoheuristic performance and learning procedures in students.
algoheuristically based training courses and materials.
computerbased or other media based programs on the basis of algoheuristic training programs.
methods for evaluating the efficiency of Landamatic methods of learning and instruction.  Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Teaching the algoheuristic process 
The snowball method
The snowball principle of developing multioperation procedures  stepbystep:
1 Presenting
2 Developing
3 Presenting
4 Developing
5 Presenting
6 Developing
7 Presenting
And so on . . .  Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Automatisation of cognitive operations 
Automatisation
by connecting subsets of operations to the already existing sets and thus creating bigger blocks. The snowball principle of formation of cognitive operations develops the ability to perform several operations as one operation.
The heart of the method
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 
Links 
USQ University of Southern Queensland, Australia
Greg Kearsley
Interview 1993
Lev N. Landa
 Abstract  Resources  Concepts  Theory 2  Theory 1  Algorithmic  Heuristic  Prescriptions  Landamatics  Teaching  Automatisation  Links 

Chris Mueller (prolingua@access.ch)
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