2 The theory of Pierre Dillenbourg
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|The success of collaborative learning depends from several factors that interfere with the task. Since there are so many variables influencing the process, it is very hard to tell in advance how successfully people will learn in collaboration.|
Pierre Dillenbourg et al. 1996
Pierre Dillenbourg, Michael Baker, Agnes Blaye, Claire O'Malley: The Evolution of Research on Collaborative Learning.
In: Peter Reimann and Hans Spada (Eds.): Learning in Humans and Machines: Towards an Interdisciplinary Learning Science. Oxford, New York, Tokyo: Elsevier Science Ltd. 1996. Pergamon, ESF European Science Foundation. ISBN 0-08-042569-0. 189-211.
D. L. Schwartz 1995
|2 Pierre Dillenbourg: Collaborative Learning|
Is learning together more efficient than alone?
- task performance
# Group composition
# Task features
|Some hypotheses||Mechanisms of collaborative learning|
|Conflict and disagreement||Cognitive conflict (Piaget)|
(Doise & Mugny)
Person A forces person B to take over the other's point of view.
|Self explanation effect||Both ways of explanation support learning process: explaining to myself or to another person.|
- social speech
- private speech
- inner speech
|Shared cognitive load||
In collaboration the persons share the cognitive load by dividing it up into smaller portions. Each of them will be treated by one of the persons mainly.
Effect: less cognitive load for everybody.
|Negotiation||Co-construction: something we share together.|
|Representations||Pairs build more abstract representations than individuals do.|
CoVis, Learning through Collaborative Visualization
CSCL '95 Proceedings, table of contents
Teaching with the Web
Dr. E's Eclectic Compendium of Electronic Resources for Adult/Distance Education
Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning: Issues for Research
ICOTEC Integrated communication technology, Internet and educational resources directory
Teaching and Learning Methods and Strategies
Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Using CLARE: the Approach and Experimental Findings
NCTLA Collaborative learning project
Collaborative Learning, an effective group strategy
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